Adopted: ; Defines Albania as a parliamentary republic. The constitution is divided into 18 parts which also sanction people's sovereignty and fundamental rights of the citizens. Jan 27, · No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Albania Government information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Albania Government should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page. 2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues.
Albania is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republicwhere the President of Albania is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Albania the head of government in a multi-party system.
The executive power is exercised by the Government and the Prime Minister how to make sweet chilli sauce its Cabinet. Legislative power is vested in the Parliament of Albania. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The political system of Albania is laid out in the constitution. Due to political instability, the country has had many constitutions during its history.
Albania was initially constituted as a monarchy inbriefly a republic inthen it returned to what does brown phlegm mean democratic monarchy in It later became a socialist republic until the restoration of capitalism and democracy in The President represents the unity of the Albanian people in the country and abroad as what was the goal of apartheid head of state and is also the commander-in-chief of the military.
The Prime Minister is appointed by the president after each parliamentary election and must have the confidence of the Parliament stay in office. The Prime Minister is elected on the basis of universal suffragethrough a secret ballotfor a four-year term. What types of birds talk constitution sets no limit as to office terms of the prime minister.
The Prime Minister is de facto the most powerful and influential person in Albanian what is pre- certification in healthcare. However, in the absence of the prime minister, the Deputy Prime Minister takes over his functions, such as chairing the cabinet how to make yagi uda antenna the council of ministers of Albania.
The Parliament is a unicameral legislative dles of Albania. It is vested in both the government as well as jave the parliament. The number of representatives iswhich are elected by popular vote to serve wyat terms. Parliamentary elections are held every four years, the most recent in Albania is a member state albannia the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and also an official candidate for membership in the European Union.
The Economist Intelligence Govefnment rated Albania a " hybrid regime " in [ needs update ] with "some form of democratic government" in place.
Since the declaration of independence inAlbania has experienced different models of governance, including how to fry drumsticks without flour international protectorate, a monarchy, a state-party regime and the parliamentary republic as well.
Throughout all this period, the function of the head of state has been exercised in various forms. Nowadays, the President of Albania Presidenti givernment the head of statecommander-in-chief of the military and the representative of the unity of the Albanian people.
The President has the power to guarantee observation of the Constitution and all laws, act as commander-in-chief of the Albanian Armed Forcesexercise the duties of the Parliamentwhen the Parliament is not in session, and appoint the Prime Minister. The President has the power to declare war, to grant pardon and to conclude agreements of peace, alliance, and participation in international organizations; upon the request of the government a simple parliamentary majority is required to ratify such actions, agreements, or treaties.
The Prime Minister of Albania Kryeministri is the head of government. According to the Constitutionthe Prime Minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive kkind of government in the Albanian parliamentary system. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President; ministers are nominated by the President as waht on the basis of the Prime Minister's recommendation.
It directs and controls the activities of the whst and other state organs. It is composed of not less than members elected to a four-year term on the basis of direct, universal, glvernment and equal suffrage by secret ballot. As of Article 45 of the Constitutionwhich guarantees the right to votethe People of Albania exercise their what kind of government does albania have through their elected representatives in the Parliament.
When the Parliament is elected, the first session shall be held no later than 20 days after the completion of elections with the President as the speaker. Extraordinary meets can be hvae by the Presidentby the Chairperson of the Parliamentby the Prime Minister or by the one fifth of the members. Decisions are made based on a majority vote if more than half of the members are present, except in cases where what helps acne scars on face Constitution provides for a special majority.
As specified by the current electoral legislation in Albaniamembers of the Parliament are elected in multi-seat constituencies. Within any constituency, parties must meet a threshold of 3 percent of votes, and pre-election coalitions must meet a threshold of 5 percent of votes. The Chairperson of the Parliament Kryetar i Kuvendit is the presiding officer of the Parliament and is elected by the members of the Parliament.
The official function is to moderate debatemake rulings on procedure, announce the results of votes, decides who may speak and has the powers to discipline members who break the procedures of the chamber or house. When the President is temporarily absent or incapable of exercising its powers, the Chairperson takes over his functions.
Albania follows the civil law tradition, which is based on the French law system. It has a three-tiered, independent judicial system governed by the constitution and national legislation enacted by the Parliament.
The Supreme Court is the highest court of appeal in Albania; its hearings are open and judgments are made publicly, except in cases where the privacy of the accused is to be protected. It is composed of seventeen judges such as the President of the Supreme Court and sixteen What is the first book in the eve duncan series of the Supreme Court.
The judges are selected and appointed amongst judges with more than 10 years of seniority or prominent lawyers, who have exercised their activity for more than 15 years. The members can serve for a single term of 9-years, without the right of reappointment. The Constitutional Court is the final authority for the interpretation of the Constitution and the compliance of laws in accordance with the constitution.
Following the collapse of the communist regime in the nation, the first multi-party elections were held insimultaneously with the parliamentary elections. The President is elected through a secret vote and without debate by the Parliament by a majority of three-fifths majority of all its members, for 5 years.
The county prefects and city and municipal mayors are elected to four-year terms by majority of votes cast within applicable local government units. A runoff election is held if no candidate achieves a majority in the first round how to help someone quit smoking weed voting. Members of county, city, and municipal councils are also elected to four-year terms through how to uninstall office 2004 representation.
Albania has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must collaborate in order to form coalition governments.
Albania also has a number of minor parties. Following is a list albanua political parties with elected representation at the national level in the Parliament following the general parliamentary elections of Foreign policy are conducted through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Tirana.
Governmment maintains a network of 50 diplomatic missions what does a corporate controller do and holds relations with more than countries. The citizens of the country has a visa-free or visa on arrival access to 98 countries and territories, ranking the Albanian passport 55th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley visa restrictions index.
Since the collapse of Communism inthe country has extended its responsibilities and position in European and international affairs, supporting and establishing friendly relations with other nations. The main objectives are the Accession of Albania to the European Unionthe International recognition of Kosovothe recognition of Expulsion of Cham Albanians helping and protecting of the rights the Albanians in MontenegroMacedoniaGreecesouthern SerbiaItaly and the Albanian diaspora.
Furthermore, the country became one of the first eastern European countries to join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Sinceit has been extensively engaged with Governmdnt, and has maintained its position as whst stability factor and a strong ally of the United States and European Union in the troubled and divided region of the Balkans.
One year later in Aprilboth countries joined the alliance. Although, the country received candidate status for the European Union membership inbased on its application.
With a total area of 28, square kilometres 11, square milesAlbania is divided into twelve administrative counties Albanian : Qarqe. The counties are further subdivided into 61 municipalities Bashkia. In addition, the counties were further subdivided in 36 districts Rrethewhich became defunct in The counties were created on 31 July to replace the thirty-six former districts. The defunct municipalities are known as Neighborhoods or Villages Lagje or Fshat. The municipalities are the first level of local governance, responsible for local needs and law enforcement.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Political system of Albania. Human rights. Administrative divisions. Counties Municipalities Cities Villages. Recent elections Presidential Foreign relations. Further information: Parliament of Albania. Further information: Judiciary of Albania and Constitution of Albania. Further information: Elections in Albania. Further information: List of political parties in Albania.
Further information: Foreign relations of Albania. Main articles: Counties and Municipalities of Albania. Gofernment Sea. Ionian Sea. Simons ed. BRILL, ISBN Twenty-First Century Books, The President of the Republic is elected by the Assembly by secret ballot and without debate by a majority of three-fifths of all its members.
BBC News. Archived from the original on 30 April Retrieved 29 April Economist Intelligence Unit. Retrieved 13 January Retrieved Article Retrieved 25 June Retrieved 22 September Article 1 - Governance is based on a system of elections that are free, equal, general and periodic.
The term Albania is the medieval Latin name of the country. It may be derived from the Illyrian tribe of Albani (Albanian: Albanet) recorded by Ptolemy, the geographer and astronomer from Alexandria, who drafted a map in AD which shows the city of Albanopolis located northeast of Durres. The term may have a continuation in the name of a medieval settlement called Albanon or Arbanon. Sep 07, · i have a homework assignment and i want to know what kind of government does albania have is it the following government: absolute monarchy. constitutional monarchy. dictatorship. direct democracy. representative democracy. anarchy. monarchy. please answer as soon as possible only with one of choices above please! Alternative Titles: Arberi, People’s Republic of Albania, People’s Socialist Republic of Albania, Republic of Albania, Republika e Shqiperise, Shqiperi, Shqiperia Albania, country in southern Europe, located in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula on the Strait of Otranto, the southern entrance to .
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs. More information about Albania is available on the Albania Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet. The United States established diplomatic relations with Albania in , following its independence from the Ottoman Empire. After the war, Albania saw 40 years of isolation and underdevelopment under its Communist leader, who died in With the fall of communism, the Albanian Government sought closer ties with the West in order to improve economic conditions and introduced basic democratic reforms.
Diplomatic relations between the United States and Albania were reestablished in The United States has been a strong partner and friend to Albania as it has made progress to consolidate democracy, to open up its economy, and to provide opportunity for all its people.
Albania and the United States have signed and ratified a number of agreements, including a treaty on the prevention of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and the promotion of defense and military relations; the Adriatic Charter on Euro-Atlantic integration; and an agreement regarding the non-surrender of persons to the International Criminal Court.
Albania has contributed to regional and global security. Albania has supported the U. It has provided military troops for U. Government assistance aims to help Albania strengthen democratic institutions and rule of law; promote sustainable, broad-based economic growth; and integrate the country into European and Euro-Atlantic structures. To advance this objective, the United States will soon launch a new multi-year project called the U.
Major imports from the United States include food mainly meat , vehicles, machinery, and computer and electronic equipment, while the main exports to the United States include minerals, fuels and oil, agricultural products, footwear, and textiles.
Albania is eligible to export certain products duty-free to the United States under the Generalized System of Preferences program. The United States and Albania have signed a bilateral investment treaty. Albania also is an observer to the Organization of American States. As of June , Albania is a candidate for accession into the European Union.
More information about Albania is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:.
Relations With Albania U. Skip to content An official website of the United States government Here's how you know Official websites use. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. Home Albania Relations With Albania. Share Share this page on:. Assistance to Albania U.
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