10 Popular But Dangerous Volcanoes In Africa
Most African volcanoes result from hotspots, the rifting in East Africa, or a combination of the two. The East African rift, one of the world's most dramatic extensional structures, has produced the continent's highest and lowest volcanoes, ranging from the massive Kilimanjaro to vents in Ethiopia's Danakil Depression that lie below sea level. Nyamuragira is Africa's and one of the world's most active volcano. It erupts roughly every two years, producing large fluid lava flows. Nyamuragira is is a massive high-potassium basaltic shield volcano located about 25 km north of Lake Kivu in the East African Rift Valley NW of Nyiragongo volcano.
On June 12, the Nabro volcano erupted and spread its lava and ashes over hundreds of kilometers. The eruption caused a series of earthquakes with the strongest reaching a magnitude of 5. The ash plume reached a height of 15km and reached a size of 50km by several hundred km. The ash cloud severely disrupted air travel in the region. Afar, a state in Ethiopia, felt the brunt of the impact. By the time the eruption ended at least 31 people had died and thousands had been evacuated. The worst part is that this was the first eruption in recorded history.
The volcano was considered extinct so very little research was done before This means that the danger of the volcano is not known. Mount Nyiragonga is the most dangerous volcano in Africa. Since it has erupted at least 34 times and at times remained active how to skin a catfish easy years. In an eruption cracked the walls of the crater and the lava lake inside was released in just one hour.
In another massive eruption happened. A large fissure quickly spread from the volcano that reached the nearby city of Goma. Lava flows between and m wide with a depth of 2m streamed through Goma. A combination of noxious gasses, earthquakes and lava flows killed around people.
Another danger of this volcano is that carbon dioxide seeps from the ground. This has happened to several children very recently. The most dangerous part of this volcano is that Lake Kivu is very close. In lava flows reached the lake causing fears that the lake could see a similar event as that at Lake Nyos in Fortunately this did not happen, but scientists are still monitoring the situation.
The Lake Nyos disaster killed people. Lake Kivu is about times larger and over 2 million people live closeby. Pages: 1 2 3 4. UK-based internet entrepreneur with love for the great continent of Africa. I'm not saying i know everything about Africa but I'm here to offer the world some of the most accurate and interesting facts about the continent.
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1) Mount Nyiragonga, Democratic Republic of Congo
Nyamuragira, a large shield volcano similar to Mauna Loa on Hawai'i, is one of Africa's most active volcanoes. Every few years, it produces eruptions often from radial fissures emitting lava fountains and large, fluid lava flows travelling many kilometers into the scarsely populated area of tropical forest and farmland surrounding it. Try our free app! Android iOS version. Volcano Tours. Latest News: Tue, 12 Nov , Nyamuragira volcano DRCongo activity update: lava flow filled the Pit crater.
The eruption since last update is still in progress and there is one active vent in the Pit crater. Nyamuragira volcano DRCongo : collapse of inner crater walls, lava spattering from cone in crater. Lava fountaining from a small cone was visible. Lava fountains from Nyamuragira during the eruption in Photo courtesy: B.
Nyamuragira volcano eruption photos 8 Jan 16 Images. Nyamuragira volcano Kimanura eruption photos Jan 32 Images. Show interactive Map. View recent quakes. The eruption started with intense ground fracturing evidence of which was observed during our expedition and tall lava fountains from several vents, that quickly started to built the western Kimanura cone complex.
Lava flows traveled many kilometers to the north, burning large areas of forest, but caused no damage to infrastructure, since the area is not populated. Tall fountaining lasted about 1 week, and moved to intense spattering from active lava-lake filled vents and strombolian explosions. Depending on the wind direction, areas surrounding the vents received up to about 1 meter of lapilli and scoria fallout. A second cluster of vents opened about 1 km down-slope on the same fissure system in early January and produced lava fountains our first expedition group in January was lucky to observe from close.
Another, similar sized complex of vents built up quickly the so-called east Kimanura vent complex. Similar to the activity of the western complex, lava fountaining merged into a form of intense spattering from boiling lava lake activity and continued to fee large lava flows traveling to the north.
As of 2 February, the eruption is still continuing. Latest satellite images. The flat silhouette of Nyamuragira shield volcano, seen from Nyiragongo. First visit to our site? RSS feeds. Batu Tara photos : A remote island in the Flores Sea of Indonesia formed by a single volcano that has been in strong strombolian eruption for years.
We regularly lead expeditions to there where we camp several days to observe it. Peru June Read the latest volcano activity updates around the world. Shiveluch Mar. Volcano Special expedition : Special tour to see the ongoing eruption of Shivleuch volcano. Max 6 participants, 5 nights on location, accompanied by our team and local volcanologists. Sign up deadline Sun 24 Feb !
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If you are not sure or need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us. Latest News: Tue, 12 Nov , Nyamuragira volcano DRCongo activity update: lava flow filled the Pit crater The eruption since last update is still in progress and there is one active vent in the Pit crater.
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