Balkans war: a brief guide
Bosnian War, ethnically rooted war in Bosnia and Herzegovina that took place from to After years of bitter fighting between Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), Serbs, and Croats as well as the Yugoslav army, a NATO-imposed final cease-fire was negotiated at Dayton, Ohio, U.S., in Jan 06, · The Bosnian War began in and lasted until , though the cause of the Bosnian War has roots in World War II and its impact is still being felt in The war led to the deaths of around , people. It also spurred the genocide of at .
In May the UN established the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia ICTYand, in the years following the warthe court brought charges against individuals from every ethnicity and nationality represented in the conflict. Most prominent, however, were cases brought against Serb and Bosnian Serb authorities. In March he was found guilty of genocide for his role in the Srebrenica massacreas well as nine other counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity.
In November he was found guilty of genocide and war crimes and was sentenced to life in prison. When that appellate ruling was read on November 29, Slobodan Praljak, who had been sentenced to 20 years in prison for war crimes committed during the siege of Mostarloudly declared that he rejected the verdict and drank from a bottle of ie that he had smuggled into the courtroom. The proceedings were immediately suspended, and Praljak died a short time later. Bosnian War. Additional Info.
More About Contributors Article History. Load Previous Page. War crimes and trials In May the Bosnin established the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia ICTYand, in the years following the warwat court brought charges bodnian individuals from how to make image transparent in paint.net ethnicity and nationality represented in the conflict.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. War broke out in the former Yugoslavia in the early s following the dissolution of the Yugoslav federation, comprising Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Thd, Montenegro, Serbia, bosnain Slovenia.
After Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina declared their independence from Yugoslavia, ethnic Serbs, who opposed the…. How the top 25 college football teams —95 war wwhat radically altered the demographic situation. Of the hundreds of thousands of people displaced during the war, a significant portion of them emigrated. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox!
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The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina or Bosnian War is generally accepted name for an international military conflict in the area of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which lasted from April 6th to December 14th , between Serbia and Montenegro, the Bosnia and Herzegovina Herzeg . The war was between the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina with the Bosnian Croat and Bosnian Serb. Both were the Herzeg Bosnia and Republika Srpska. Croatia and Serbia supplied and led the Bosnian Serb and Bosnian Croat entities during the . Mar 18, · Balkans war: a brief guide 18 March The former Yugoslavia was a Socialist state created after German occupation in World War II and a bitter civil war. .
A federation of six republics, it brought together Serbs, Croats, Bosnian Muslims, Albanians, Slovenes and others under a comparatively relaxed communist regime. Tensions between these groups were successfully suppressed under the leadership of President Tito. After Tito's death in , tensions re-emerged. Calls for more autonomy within Yugoslavia by nationalist groups led in to declarations of independence in Croatia and Slovenia. The Serb-dominated Yugoslav army lashed out, first in Slovenia and then in Croatia.
Thousands were killed in the latter conflict which was paused in under a UN-monitored ceasefire. Bosnia, with a complex mix of Serbs, Muslims and Croats, was next to try for independence. Bosnia's Serbs, backed by Serbs elsewhere in Yugoslavia, resisted. Under leader Radovan Karadzic, they threatened bloodshed if Bosnia's Muslims and Croats - who outnumbered Serbs - broke away. Despite European blessing for the move in a referendum, war came fast.
Yugoslav army units, withdrawn from Croatia and renamed the Bosnian Serb Army, carved out a huge swathe of Serb-dominated territory. Over a million Bosnian Muslims and Croats were driven from their homes in ethnic cleansing. Serbs suffered too. The capital Sarajevo was besieged and shelled. UN peacekeepers, brought in to quell the fighting, were seen as ineffective. International peace efforts to stop the war failed, the UN was humiliated and over , died. The war ended in after Nato bombed the Bosnian Serbs and Muslim and Croat armies made gains on the ground.
A US-brokered peace divided Bosnia into two self-governing entities, a Bosnian Serb republic and a Muslim-Croat federation lightly bound by a central government. In August , the Croatian army stormed areas in Croatia under Serb control prompting thousands to flee. Soon Croatia and Bosnia were fully independent.
Slovenia and Macedonia had already gone. Montenegro left later. In , Kosovo's ethnic Albanians fought Serbs in another brutal war to gain independence. Serbia ended the conflict beaten, battered and alone.
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