What does a high specific gravity in urine mean

what does a high specific gravity in urine mean

Urine specific gravity test: How well your kidneys are diluting your urine

Aug 07, Ideally, urine specific gravity results will fall between and if your kidneys are functioning normally. Specific gravity results above can indicate mild dehydration. The higher Author: Rachel Nall, MSN, CRNA. Jan 24, High urine specific gravity can be an indication that you have extra substances in your urinethese substances could be glucose, bilirubin, red blood Author: Bel Marra Health.

Your trusted suppliers of home testing devices since Click here to shop - Only Available in South Africa. When looking at the results of an urine test which tested the how to teach a dog to hunt gravity of urine a person could deduce certain information regarding the health of the test subject, but any such deductions should be confirmed by further tests.

Using a urine test is a quick and inexpensive way to check the specific gravity in your urine, and is one of our test kit products that can be done in the privacy of your home. Abnormal specific gravity values may indicative of Reduced specific gravity diabetes insipidus certain renal diseases excess fluid intake diabetes mellitus Raised specific gravity dehydration adrenal insufficiency nephrosis congestive cardiac-failure liver disease Constant specific gravity chronic renal disorder Further action required if low or high specific gravity values are found in urine also check urine for pH value of urine protein Our specific gravity urine test strip The test is a measurement of the ion concentration of the urine.

In a cationic environment, protons released by a complexing agent will cause the indicator bromothymol blue to change color from blue-green to yellow, in urine of increasing ion concentrations. Moderate to what is the purpose of the life quantities of protein, and pH, large or equal to 8, may elevate the result.

The specific gravity results are not affected by non-ionic components such as glucose. How you benefit from our test strips Our very affordable in-1 test strips will check the specific gravity of urine as well as glucose, ketones, protein, blood, pH, nitrite, bilirubin as well as leucocytes.

To view our test kit, and to purchase this very affordable test strips, please click here. Each of these parameters are indicative of different health problems. For further information, please click the links below:. Your trusted suppliers of home testing devices since Information contained on this website is for general information purposes only and must not be used to treat or diagnose medical conditions, and all health problems must be referred to a health care professional.

Statements made regarding the products and general information have not been evaluated by the FDA, or any other health authority, and should not be seen as health counseling, advice or statements. The entire content of this website is copyrighted - including text, photographs, logos, metatags etc. Our site was last updated on 26 March The specific gravity of urine When looking at the results of an urine test which tested the specific gravity of urine a person could deduce certain information regarding the health of the test subject, but any such deductions should be confirmed by further tests.

Normal specific gravity range in urine 1. For further information, please click the links below: ketones blood protein glucose pH nitrite urobilinogen bilirubin leukocytes specific gravity Other pages of interest The regulatory function of the kidneys Bilirubin in urine Blood in urine Glucose in urine Ketones in urine Leukocytes in urine Nitrite in urine ph of urine Protein in urine Specific gravity of urine Urobilinogen in urine Parameters of urine test strips dip sticks Our home test kits.

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Urine specific gravity test uses

Jul 04, What Abnormal Results Mean. Increased urine specific gravity may be due to conditions such as: Adrenal glands do not produce enough hormones (Addison disease) Heart failure; High sodium level in the blood; Loss of body fluids (dehydration) Narrowing of the kidney artery (renal artery stenosis) Shock; Sugar (glucose) in the urine; Syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion (SIADH) Decreased . Jun 14, High specific gravity suggests that the urine is too concentrated. Conditions that cause high specific gravity include: dehydration; diarrhea or vomiting resulting in dehydration; congestive heart. Mar 26, Normal specific gravity range in urine. g/ml; The range of the specific gravity tested. - g/ml; The results of specific gravity levels in urine. Shows the concentrating and diluting ability of the kidneys. Abnormal specific gravity values may indicative of. Reduced specific gravity; diabetes insipidus; certain renal diseases.

A urine specific gravity test is a painless way for a doctor to check how your kidneys are diluting your urine and how your kidneys are functioning.

In order for our bodies to work properly, they must contain the right amount of water. The kidneys have the important job of removing excess water from the body or retaining it when the body needs more fluid. When the kidneys are working well, extra minerals like sodium and potassium leave the body in the form of urine. A urine specific gravity testor urine densitymay be performed if a doctor suspects you are dehydrated or have a condition such as heart failure. Basically, the test compares the specific gravity of urine to the density of water.

Urine that is too concentrated could signal that your kidneys are not functioning properly. Testing urine specific gravity is the quickest way to determine if your kidneys are compensating for some sort of problem. It can be useful for doctors who are trying to figure out if you are suffering from certain conditions. Some of those possible conditions are:. In some situations, urine density will be tested several times in one day. This can give doctors a good idea of how well the kidneys are compensating.

Preparation for the urine specific gravity test is simple. You will be asked to stop taking any medications that might interfere with the results, including those that contain sucrose or dextran. If you have recently had intravenous contrast dye for an X-ray or MRI, you will have to wait at least three days before having the urine density test. It is also advisable to eat a well-balanced diet leading up to the test. Certain foods do have to be eliminated from the diet, including beets, blackberries, carrots, fava beans, and rhubarb.

Many people worry that the test will be painful or uncomfortable, but that is not the case. It is really no different than giving a regular urine sample. When you visit your doctor for a regular check-up, usually a urine sample is required. That sample is typically tested with a dipstick method.

For the urine specific gravity test, at least one to two ounces of urine are needed. Your doctor will give you a cup to collect the urine sample, along with antibacterial wipes to clean around the urethra which will reduce the chance of bacteria contaminating your sample.

Once your sample is sent off to the lab, a technician will likely use a refractometer to project light into the sample to determine density, as opposed to using a dipstick. Home urine tests can be conducted but run the risk of becoming contaminated. There are also osmolality tests that are sometimes used to determine how the kidneys dilute and concentrateosmolality is the index of concentration.

This test helps diagnose certain conditions. When it comes to urine specific gravity levels, each lab sets standards; however, many labs set a normal urine specific gravity range between 1.

If you have a specific gravity of urine under 1. Discussing specific gravity units with your doctor can help give you a better understanding of what is and is not acceptable. Urine specific gravity levels will be lower if your urine is lighter and you are well hydrated. High urine specific gravity can be an indication that you have extra substances in your urinethese substances could be glucose , bilirubin, red blood cells, white blood cells, crystals, bacteria, or even protein.

Some conditions allow proteins to pass through the filters in kidneys, producing protein in the urine. Abnormal or increased urine specific gravity tests can be the result of many different health issues. Below we outline various causessome are common, while others are rare:. The urine density test may also be performed if a doctor suspects a complicated urinary tract infection, high blood sodium level, low blood sodium level, or excessive urination. Oftentimes, doctors will also check the pH of your urine.

A urine pH level test looks at the acidity or alkalinity of a urine sample. Kidney stones tend to develop in a highly acidic or alkaline environment. Urine pH normal range is from pH 4. It is a quick and easy test that should not cause any stress or discomfort. If you have a urinary tract infection, you will likely feel a burning or painful sensation when you urinate.

You should always tell your doctor about all your symptoms, whether they are directly related to urination or not. If a urine specific gravity test shows that you are dehydrated, you may be given an intravenous of fluids to help hydrate you quicker.

In the case of being overhydrated, your doctor will likely run further tests to determine if a heart condition, kidney condition, or metabolic disorder is the cause. Related: Cloudy urine: Causes, symptoms, and treatments.

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