What Were Abraham Lincoln's Accomplishments?
Lincoln led the United States to ultimately defeat the Confederacy, and following his famous Emancipation Proclamation, he enacted measures to abolish slavery. Lincoln was correct in supporting the Union, which opposed slavery. He did not defend the Confederacy and the people supporting slavery. Aug 04, · Elected in , Lincoln led the country through the American Civil War. By issuing the Emancipation Proclamation in , Lincoln freed all slaves in the Confederate States, a major stepping stone to the eventual abolishment of slavery in America. In , Abraham Lincoln was elected to the 30th Illinois Congress, representing the Whig Party.
America will never be destroyed from the outside. If we falter and lose our freedoms, it will be because we destroyed ourselves. Can any of us understand what it means to give up all that we have to reach for something that is beyond ourselves?
Is there anything greater than being willing to give up your life for what can you do with a computer engineering technology degree country, your constitution, and for your fellow man?
Would any of us do what he did and sacrifice what he sacrificed? The blood from his wound is still there on the simple bed on which he died while his wife broke down in another room. It was the first time that I understood all those history lessons. We are free because of Abraham Lincoln and all the others who gave up so much for us.
People might not agree on Lincoln but the one thing that people cannot take away from Lincoln is that he gave up everything for something he believed in, something that was far greater than himself.
The Assasination of Abraham Lincoln —. Lincoln is a controversial figure even today. He was reviled by many, particularly in the south. He fought the most devastating war we have ever known on U. He used some tyrannical approaches to further the cause of freedom for slaves but he used kindness as well. Slavery is so despicable that it is hard to assess the extent of blame Lincoln deserves.
After his assassination, Wilkes was shocked to find that he was condemned in both the North and the South. Why did John Wilkes Booth do it? He followed through on his beliefs but he did so with great hatred and then he fled, like a coward. Lincoln helped define Theodore Roosevelt according to Theodore Roosevelt himself.
The battle itself was less important than the speech. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live.
It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But in a larger sense, we can not dedicate — we can not consecrate — we can not hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract.
The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the how to make saddle shoes from sneakers, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
2. He Issued the First Paper Currency for American Use
Feb 10, · Lincoln proved to be a shrewd military strategist and a savvy leader: His Emancipation Proclamation paved the way for slavery’s abolition, while his Gettysburg . Lincoln led the nation through the American Civil War, the country's greatest moral, cultural, constitutional, and political crisis. He succeeded in preserving the Union, abolishing slavery, bolstering the federal government, and modernizing the U.S. economy. Feb 12, · While Lincoln is arguably most famous for abolishing slavery, preserving the union and leading the country during the Civil War, he also made considerable, long-lasting changes to the U.S. economy and banking system, thanks in large part to the guidance and supervision of U.S. Treasury Secretary Salmon P. Chase.
Lincoln led the nation through the American Civil War , the country's greatest moral, cultural, constitutional, and political crisis. He succeeded in preserving the Union , abolishing slavery , bolstering the federal government , and modernizing the U.
Lincoln was born into poverty in a log cabin and was raised on the frontier primarily in Indiana. He was self-educated and became a lawyer, Whig Party leader, Illinois state legislator , and U.
Congressman from Illinois. In , he returned to his law practice but became vexed by the opening of additional lands to slavery as a result of the Kansas—Nebraska Act.
He reentered politics in , becoming a leader in the new Republican Party , and he reached a national audience in the debates against Stephen Douglas. Lincoln ran for President in , sweeping the North in victory. Pro-slavery elements in the South equated his success with the North's rejection of their right to practice slavery, and southern states began seceding from the union. As the leader of moderate Republicans, Lincoln had to navigate a contentious array of factions with friends and opponents on both sides.
War Democrats rallied a large faction of former opponents into his moderate camp, but they were countered by Radical Republicans , who demanded harsh treatment of the Southern Confederates. Anti-war Democrats called " Copperheads " despised him, and irreconcilable pro-Confederate elements plotted his assassination. Lincoln managed the factions by exploiting their mutual enmity, by carefully distributing political patronage, and by appealing to the U. His Gettysburg Address became a historic clarion call for nationalism , republicanism , equal rights , liberty , and democracy.
Lincoln scrutinized the strategy and tactics in the war effort, including the selection of generals and the naval blockade of the South's trade.
He suspended habeas corpus , and he averted British intervention by defusing the Trent Affair. He engineered the end to slavery with his Emancipation Proclamation and his order that the Army protect and recruit former slaves.
He also encouraged border states to outlaw slavery, and promoted the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution , which outlawed slavery across the country. Lincoln managed his own successful re-election campaign.
He sought to heal the war-torn nation through reconciliation. On April 14, , just days after the war's end at Appomattox , Lincoln was attending a play at Ford's Theatre with his wife Mary when he was assassinated by Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth.
Lincoln is remembered as the martyr hero of the United States and he is consistently ranked as one of the greatest presidents in American history. The family then migrated west, passing through New Jersey , Pennsylvania , and Virginia. The captain was killed in an Indian raid in The heritage of Lincoln's mother Nancy remains unclear, but it is widely assumed that she was the daughter of Lucy Hanks. Thomas Lincoln bought or leased farms in Kentucky before losing all but acres 81 ha of his land in court disputes over property titles.
In Kentucky and Indiana, Thomas worked as a farmer, cabinetmaker, and carpenter. Thomas and Nancy were members of a Separate Baptists church, which forbade alcohol, dancing, and slavery. Overcoming financial challenges, Thomas in obtained clear title to 80 acres 32 ha in Indiana, an area which became the Little Pigeon Creek Community. On October 5, , Nancy Lincoln succumbed to milk sickness , leaving year-old Sarah in charge of a household including her father, 9-year-old Abraham, and Nancy's year-old orphan cousin, Dennis Hanks.
His family even said he was lazy, for all his "reading, scribbling, writing, ciphering, writing Poetry, etc". Lincoln was mostly self-educated, except for some schooling from itinerant teachers of less than 12 months aggregate. As a teen, Lincoln took responsibility for chores, and customarily gave his father all earnings from work outside the home until he was He became county wrestling champion at the age of In March , fearing another milk sickness outbreak, several members of the extended Lincoln family, including Abraham, moved west to Illinois, a free state, and settled in Macon County.
Lincoln's first romantic interest was Ann Rutledge , whom he met when he moved to New Salem. By , they were in a relationship but not formally engaged. Late in , Lincoln agreed to a match with Owens if she returned to New Salem.
Owens arrived that November and he courted her for a time; however, they both had second thoughts. On August 16, , he wrote Owens a letter saying he would not blame her if she ended the relationship, and she never replied. In , Lincoln met Mary Todd in Springfield, Illinois , and the following year they became engaged. Mary kept house with the help of a hired servant and a relative.
Lincoln was an affectionate husband and father of four sons, though his work regularly kept him away from home. The oldest, Robert Todd Lincoln , was born in and was the only child to live to maturity. Edward Baker Lincoln Eddie , born in , died February 1, , probably of tuberculosis. Lincoln's third son, "Willie" Lincoln was born on December 21, , and died of a fever at the White House on February 20, The youngest, Thomas "Tad" Lincoln , was born on April 4, , and survived his father but died of heart failure at age 18 on July 16, Herndon would grow irritated when Lincoln would bring his children to the law office.
Their father, it seemed, was often too absorbed in his work to notice his children's behavior. Herndon recounted, "I have felt many and many a time that I wanted to wring their little necks, and yet out of respect for Lincoln I kept my mouth shut. Lincoln did not note what his children were doing or had done.
The deaths of their sons, Eddie and Willie, had profound effects on both parents. Lincoln suffered from " melancholy ", a condition now thought to be clinical depression. In , Lincoln joined with a partner, Denton Offutt , in the purchase of a general store on credit in New Salem. That March he entered politics, running for the Illinois General Assembly , advocating navigational improvements on the Sangamon River.
He could draw crowds as a raconteur , but he lacked the requisite formal education, powerful friends, and money, and lost the election. Lincoln briefly interrupted his campaign to serve as a captain in the Illinois Militia during the Black Hawk War. Lincoln served as New Salem's postmaster and later as county surveyor, but continued his voracious reading, and decided to become a lawyer. He taught himself the law, with Blackstone 's Commentaries , saying later of the effort, "I studied with nobody.
Lincoln's second state house campaign in , this time as a Whig , was a success over a powerful Whig opponent. Admitted to the Illinois bar in ,  he moved to Springfield and began to practice law under John T. Stuart , Mary Todd's cousin. He partnered several years with Stephen T. Logan , and in began his practice with William Herndon , "a studious young man".
True to his record, Lincoln professed to friends in to be "an old line Whig, a disciple of Henry Clay". In , Lincoln sought the Whig nomination for Illinois' 7th district seat in the U. House of Representatives ; he was defeated by John J. Hardin though he prevailed with the party in limiting Hardin to one term. Lincoln not only pulled off his strategy of gaining the nomination in , but also won election. He was the only Whig in the Illinois delegation, but as dutiful as any, participated in almost all votes and made speeches that toed the party line.
Giddings on a bill to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia with compensation for the owners, enforcement to capture fugitive slaves, and a popular vote on the matter. He dropped the bill when it eluded Whig support. Polk 's desire for "military glory—that attractive rainbow, that rises in showers of blood". Lincoln emphasized his opposition to Polk by drafting and introducing his Spot Resolutions. The war had begun with a Mexican slaughter of American soldiers in territory disputed by Mexico, and Polk insisted that Mexican soldiers had "invaded our territory and shed the blood of our fellow-citizens on our soil".
One Illinois newspaper derisively nicknamed him "spotty Lincoln". Lincoln had pledged in to serve only one term in the House. Realizing Clay was unlikely to win the presidency, he supported General Zachary Taylor for the Whig nomination in the presidential election. In his Springfield practice Lincoln handled "every kind of business that could come before a prairie lawyer".
As a riverboat man, Lincoln initially favored those interests, but ultimately represented whoever hired him. The idea was never commercialized, but it made Lincoln the only president to hold a patent. Lincoln appeared before the Illinois Supreme Court in cases; he was sole counsel in 51 cases, of which 31 were decided in his favor. Lincoln argued in an criminal trial, defending William "Duff" Armstrong , who was on trial for the murder of James Preston Metzker. After an opposing witness testified to seeing the crime in the moonlight, Lincoln produced a Farmers' Almanac showing the moon was at a low angle, drastically reducing visibility.
Armstrong was acquitted. Leading up to his presidential campaign, Lincoln elevated his profile in an murder case, with his defense of Simeon Quinn "Peachy" Harrison who was a third cousin; Harrison was also the grandson of Lincoln's political opponent, Rev.
Peter Cartwright. Lincoln argued that the testimony involved a dying declaration and was not subject to the hearsay rule. Instead of holding Lincoln in contempt of court as expected, the judge, a Democrat, reversed his ruling and admitted the testimony into evidence, resulting in Harrison's acquittal. The debate over the status of slavery in the territories failed to alleviate tensions between the slave-holding South and the free North, with the failure of the Compromise of , a legislative package designed to address the issue.
Douglas proposed popular sovereignty as a compromise; the measure would allow the electorate of each territory to decide the status of slavery. The legislation alarmed many Northerners, who sought to prevent the resulting spread of slavery, but Douglas's Kansas—Nebraska Act narrowly passed Congress in May Lincoln did not comment on the act until months later in his " Peoria Speech " in October Lincoln then declared his opposition to slavery which he repeated en route to the presidency.
I cannot but hate it. I hate it because of the monstrous injustice of slavery itself. I hate it because it deprives our republican example of its just influence in the world Nationally, the Whigs were irreparably split by the Kansas—Nebraska Act and other efforts to compromise on the slavery issue. Reflecting on the demise of his party, Lincoln wrote in , "I think I am a Whig, but others say there are no Whigs, and that I am an abolitionist
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