Reading medical articles critically. What they do not teach you in medical school
Reading medical research is hard work. I’m not talking about the medical terminology, though that is often quite bad (if I hear the word “emesis” one more time, I’m going to throw up!). The hard part is assessing the strength of the evidence. When you read a journal article, you have toFile Size: KB. If you review a medical research journal, most of the articles you see will fall into one of two easily distinguishable categories: • Research reports • Literature reviews or summaries A research reportdeals with a single study or series of studies. The authors of the articles are the people who actually conducted and/or supervised the research.
I always rely on a variety of medical journals and scientific literature when making clinical assessments and recommendations. My goal here is to help you translate that often difficult-to-read medical jargon into useful information that can help answer a good number of your questions about pregnancy. Prior to meeting with me for a consultation, many women have already scoured the internet looking for information to answer medifal questions.
There are quite a few helpful websites about pregnancy how to fix clear coat peeling on car paint are written for an everyday audience. However, keep in mind that they are often not detailed, may not refer to the medical literature, and are unlikely to focus on mental health and emotional wellbeing.
I have found that some women, after hearing my explanations during a visit, want to go back to the original scientific articles and read it for themselves. This is great, and here are five tips to help you evaluate medical literature more critically to get the most out of it.
Take a look at the date the article you are interested dead was published. Reproductive psychiatry is a fairly newer field and only in recent years have articles come out that are large enough to answer questions with more fead. Then take a look at where the scientists are writing from, hoe information from a different country might not apply to you.
One example is a study that might state a particular medication leads yow preterm delivery. This statement is based on the fact that how to read medical journal articles in their study taking the medication delivered at 38 weeks and 3 days on average, while other women delivered 9 days later at 39 weeks 5 days on average. If the study is large enough, this difference will be statistically significant.
But both groups of women are delivering term babies artifles the 9 days may not make much clinical difference. For easier questions there will be a lot of data and for more complicated ones much less. A prime example of this range is medication safety in pregnancy. Readd we think about medication articlez in pregnancy, we look at three categories:. Did it ask women to answer questions after the fact called retrospectively or did it follow a group of women over time to answer a question prospectively.
The former bow often be a source of bias and usually prospective studies, if available, are a better bet. Scientifically speaking, this means accounting for confounding factors. A prime example would be a study that attempts to mwdical the question of whether or not a medication for depression leads to adverse consequences in babies. Another example is an investigation that concludes a treatment for insomnia causes problems for the mother postpartum, without taking into account the impact of the sleepless nights themselves.
There are, of course, other elements in critically reading a scientific paper understanding differences in study design, being familiar with statistics, resd about scientific limitations, for examplebut I hope these will provide a good foundation medicall you choose to review yourself the articles I mention at the end of how to disable write protection on usb posts or others you come across.
Whenever you have more specific questions, do not hesitate to take the article to your primary clinician and have them review it with you. When we think about medication safety in pregnancy, we look at xrticles categories: First, the risk of birth defects. This is the easiest question to answer because it is easily observable and an answer is how to make cloth dolls within 9 months. Therefore, for any medication, you will find articoes most information on this question.
Second, the potential for complications at birth or immediately after delivery. Often, this means whether or not the medication might lead to preterm deliveries or could lead to withdrawal symptoms after delivery. This question is more difficult to answer book how to get things done many factors can lead to how to read medical journal articles outcomes and it can sometimes be a challenge to know exactly what the culprit is to a complication.
Similarly, it may be difficult to tell, especially with mild withdrawal, if an infant just has a difficult temperament or is actually withdrawing from a medication. Finally, long-term consequences. This is the most difficult question to answer.
To know whether a medication exposure in pregnancy mesical lead to problems for the child at 2 years, 5 years, or 10 years requires researchers and participants to invest very long lengths of time in the research study. Therefore, there is very little data that answers these long-term questions.
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— Milton Packer wonders whether authors are wasting their time
The article aims to distinguish between the various types of research published in medical journals; illustrate the anatomy of a scientific article in primary research and provide a guideline on how to read journal articles critically in order to maximize the readers understanding of the medical datmetopen.com by: 4. How To Read A Paper. On this page you will find links to articles in the BMJ that explain how to read and interpret different kinds of research papers: Papers that go beyond numbers (qualitative research) Trisha Greenhalgh, Rod Taylor. Papers that summarise other papers (systematic reviews and meta-analyses) Trisha Greenhalgh. How to read a scientific paper. Scientific papers can seem complicated, but they usually follow a similar template. Once you understand that template, scientific papers are easier to understand. The template used by most scientific journals contains these sections: Abstract; Introduction (also called Background) Methods; Results (also called.
Published Aug. Just kidding. Not that kind of journal. The journals often focus on a subfield such as cardiology or neuropathy. The problem is that subscriptions to medical journals usually run in the hundreds of dollars per year, per journal. Luckily, many medical journals offer some or all of their content for free to everyone, with or without a subscription.
Some do so for all of their articles, but most make their articles free on the web six or 12 months after publication. The best way to use the site is to take advantage of the left rail, where you can search by keyword, topic, free article freshness, alphabetically by journal title, or language. You can also see a list of journals sorted by impact.
Srinubabu Gedela; Source. OMICS International publishes over scientific and healthcare journals and 50, scientific research articles in clinical, medical, life sciences, and other disciplines annually.
Each year OMICS International hosts more than 1, medical and scientific conferences for more than 60, scientists, clinicians, and scholars in 30 countries. In addition to free articles, clicking on each journal title offers background information on the publication, including policies and ethics for each role in the publication: author, editor, reviewer, and publisher.
But it does offer one advantage. No clutter. No ads. Not even any pictures. It loads super fast with no distractions.
Keep in mind that you can also access free journal articles through apps such as Read by QxMD and Isabel. To save money, time, and effort, check out one or all of these websites and let me know what you think in the comments. Looking for Medical Practice Management software? Check out Capterra's list of the best Medical Practice Management software solutions. Comment by Afoke Akpomiemie on Aug. I just started a blog as a medical practitioner and i was searching for reputable journals for research purposes.
Journals are invaluable for keeping abreast of new medical research. Here they are, listed in no particular order: 1. Manuel Montenegro; Source Source The best way to use the site is to take advantage of the left rail, where you can search by keyword, topic, free article freshness, alphabetically by journal title, or language. Srinubabu Gedela; Source OMICS International publishes over scientific and healthcare journals and 50, scientific research articles in clinical, medical, life sciences, and other disciplines annually.
Source In addition to free articles, clicking on each journal title offers background information on the publication, including policies and ethics for each role in the publication: author, editor, reviewer, and publisher.
Other ways to access free medical journal articles Keep in mind that you can also access free journal articles through apps such as Read by QxMD and Isabel. Share This Article. About the Author.
Cathy Reisenwitz. Comment Guidelines: All comments are moderated before publication and must meet our guidelines. Comments must be substantive, professional, and avoid self promotion. Moderators use discretion when approving comments.
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